Welcome to lesson one on the grammar course. In this lesson, we are going to learn The Articles in English.
Articles are words that define if something is specific or unspecific. The are two types of articles.
1. Definite ( the )
2. Indefinite ( a / an )
The definite article ' the ' or you can simply say the word ' the ' is the most frequent word in English. ' The ' is used to refer to people or things that is known by you and the person or people you are
a ) talking to ( if it is a conversation between two people )
b ) writing to ( if it is a text )
c ) recording to ( if it is a video or sound ) or you can say the hearer/ listener, the reader knows what or who you are talking about. For example :
' Take the children to the house. ' In this sentence, both spouses know the children and the house (Because it is their children and their house )
Some basic rules ( but there are exceptions and other usages too) It's just for beginners.
1. We Use ( a/an ) before nouns.
Remember a noun is a
person: a boy or a girl
place: a country
thing: a table
animal: an elephant
2. Use ( a / an ) when you mention someone or something for the first time
. I saw a movie yesterday. The movie was interesting.
In the first part of the sentence, we used ' a movie ' because we were talking about it for the first time. And in the second part of the sentence, we used ' the movie ' because we talked about it already. That's why we used the definite 'the'.
Now 'a' and 'an' means the same and used with singular nouns. In English, we use 'a' before a word which starts with a consonant sound (b, c, d, f .......) and the word ' an ' before a word which begins with a vowel sound ( a, e, i, o, u).
examples with 'a ''
This is a book.
Manel robbed a bank.
examples with 'an '
She ate an orange.
He is an engineer.
Other usages of a / an
We also use a before a name of a meal, for example,
he has a lunch.
She gave a great breakfast for them this morning.
The rule about indefinite articles is that use the article “a” before words that start with a consonant sound and “an” before words that start with a vowel sound
an - ' hour' = ( sounds like = our)
and 'honest' = ( sounds like = onest)
a - university, unit, uniform, unique ( the first letters of these words makes a ' yu ' )
There are more rules , exeptions and usages of articles. But we just learned enough for this lesson
That's the end of this lesson. Click " Next "to continue.